The Virginia Vehicle Inspection is a highly detailed series of steps that state-certified inspectors use to examine and assess the roadworthiness of motor vehicles in the Commonwealth of Virginia. Below is the Required Official Inspection Procedure for the Virginia Safety Inspection, which has been approved by the Virginia State Police Superintendent:
1. The first step of the Virginia Safety Inspection is to remove the old inspection sticker. This ensures that only the new inspection sticker will be displayed in the vehicle, in order to minimize confusion and reduce fraud.
2. The vehicle is then driven into the inspection lane to begin the Virginia Vehicle Inspection process.
3. Brakes are the first area to be examined. They are assessed for worn, missing or damaged components, as well as contaminated, worn or defective linings or drums. Disc pads and disc rotors are also examined for defects or contamination. At least two wheels (and drums) are to be removed from the vehicle at the time of inspection.
4. The parking brake is examined for missing or broken parts, as well as for proper adjustment or alignment. The inspector will also confirm whether the parking brake is comprised of standard factory equipment, or if it is a replacement part.
5. Headlights are examined to ensure proper aim and output. The appropriate type of headlights must also be used for the type of vehicle being inspected. Finer details will also be examined, including the condition of the wires, lamps and switch. High beam indicator and functionality should be up to standard as well.
6. Other lights will be examined for approved bulb type, condition of lenses, switch and wiring. Fog lamps and driving lamps will be assessed to ensure proper aim. All lenses will be checked for proper color and illumination.
7. Signal devices will be inspected to ensure proper type, color, lens condition, bulbs, wiring, switch, illumination, and correct operation.
8. The inspector will then jack up the front end of the car and inspect the steering and suspension components. Bushings, ball joints, kingpins, tie rod ends, and wheel bearings will all be checked for wear. Wheel and axle alignment will also be checked, along with coil springs, shock absorbers, engine mounts and lift blocks. All parts must be functioning at adequate levels, and must not be broken.
9. Tire condition, including tread depth, will be examined, along with wheels, to ensure that no damages will affect the safe operation of the vehicle.
10. Mirrors will be checked for proper mounting, visibility and surface condition.
11. The car horn will be inspected to ensure that the wiring is functional, and that the horn can be heard from a distance of 200 feet.
12. The condition of the windshield and other glass will be inspected to ensure that only approved safety glass is being used. Windows will also be checked for cracks, scratches, distortion, cloudiness and other obstructions to vision. The operation of the left front (driver's side) door glass will be inspected as well.
13. Wiper blade condition will be checked, along with windshield defroster operation.
14. All major aspects of the exhaust system (e.g., gaskets, manifold, pipes, connections, mufflers, etc.) will be inspected, and the system will be checked for leaks as well.
15. The rear license plate will be examined to ensure proper illumination.
16. The hood latch will be checked for proper functionality. The emissions system will also be examined for proper connection and operation. Brake fluid and power steering fluid levels will be checked, and the power steering belt will be inspected for adequate tension and condition.
17. For vehicles that were manufactured in or after 1973, pollution control systems will be checked for proper installation and operation.
18. The driver's seat will be checked for anchorage, condition and location.
19. The condition and location of seat belts will also be checked, and the inspector will examine to ensure that the appropriate type of seat belts for the vehicle have been installed.
20. The vehicle's airbag system will be inspected, including the air bag readiness light.
21. Door handles will be inspected to ensure that the driver and passengers have the ability to open all doors from both the inside and outside of the vehicle. Latching systems will also be examined to ensure that the doors can properly close and stay shut.
22. The fuel system will be inspected to ensure that the vehicle has a fuel tank filler cap, and to detect any potential liquid fuel leakage.
23. The floor pan of the vehicle will be inspected to ensure that no holes are present that would allow dangerous fumes or exhaust gases to enter into the occupant compartment.
Once all of the above Virginia State Inspection steps have been carried out, the inspector will determine if the vehicle is approved or disapproved. If approved, an official completed approval sticker will be placed on the vehicle, and a receipt of certificate will be given to the operator. If the vehicle is not approved, the operator must get the problems corrected, and then have the vehicle reinspected within a 15-day period. We offer State Inspection Services - Contact Us
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